The American Sociological Association (ASA) format is widely accepted for academic articles in sociology. This style, like APA or MLA, has precise rules for organising text, citations, footnotes, and bibliography in academic publications. They should be known to all students. The American Association of Sociologists has a separate style guide that is continually updated that describes these criteria in detail.

What is ASA?

The ASA citation style is commonly used in the subject of sociology. "American Sociological Association" is an abbreviation for "American Sociological Association." Scholars, academics, and sociology students utilise the ASA format citation in manuscripts or articles submitted to the sociology department or field of sociology. However, suppose the ASA citation format is not used correctly. In that case, it can put the work in a position to be discredited or, perhaps, postpone its acceptance along with the career development of its author.

The ASA citation format requires paying attention to the parts of the paper that affect the format, such as the title page, title format, abstract, reference list, in-text citations, and formatting guidelines.

ASA citation style is similar to the widely used APA style. In both styles, parenthetical references are used. The references appear at the end of the paper. MLA-style papers, for example, call that section "Works Cited" and format it differently. In addition, the ASA citation format emphasizes the date. It always follows the name of the author.

How to format the title page in ASA

1. Header

The ASA formatting style requires the use of a header that includes the full title of the work. If the title of a manuscript exceeds sixty characters, one should use its abbreviated form. Arabic numerals should also appear in headings. Instead, all page numbers should be flush to the left.

2. Credentials

The ASA formatting style requires learners to include enough detail to identify the work and author. Specifically, papers formatted in ASA must include the title of the manuscript, the author's name, and the institution. Authors should list these details vertically if there is more than one. Then, other details include the full word count of the written document. In practice, the word count should include footnotes and references used in the paper. Scholars may include a correct address in rare cases. As a rule, all details should be centred.

3. Title

The ASA formatting style requires authors to include the full title of the manuscript. In this case, scholars should consider using a concise but clear title summarising a research paper. Also, a long title can hinder the intended meaning of a study, making it unclear. In turn, the title of the paper has to be bolded.

How to Cite in ASA Format

The title page, abstract, reference page and other sections must follow a particular format. Here are guidelines and ASA citation examples to make writing easier:

Title page: The title page section of your research or paper should include the full title of the essay and the name of the institution and author(s). You can go ahead and show the address of the author. The information should also be centred on the paper. The title of the research paper should also be written in bold letters.

Abstract: It may not be required in some papers. However, if the work includes an abstract after the title page, you must cite it properly. The abstract gives complete information about the paper's content and all the words used in it.

Reference page: This page lists all sources and should include the name of the source, the name of the author, the year the source was published, and the name of the source's publisher. This order must be followed strictly, or it will start to resemble another type of citation.

How to write an ASA reference page?

As the title suggests, "References" should be the first section of your ASA reference page. You should place the references as intended to dangle and put double spaces between them.

The first letter of each word must be capitalized, except for articles, prepositions, and conjunctions. If this reference is placed at the beginning of a title or subheading, you can capitalize them.

You should cite references alphabetically by author's last name in your ASA citation.

  • Authors' names must include their first and middle names. If the author uses only his initials in his publications, only use this one.
  • If you must repeat the author, use the full name in the References section. The work is arranged chronologically.
  • When citing multiple works by the same author in the same year, it is recommended to use a letter next to the year. Also, include an alphabetical list of different references from the same author.
  • If one author is in both a single-author reference as the main author and a multiple-author reference, only the single-author reference is to be listed first in "References".


If you are unfamiliar with paper formatting, look for an ASA format sample paper online. You can view an example ASA format on our website or contact our specialists to order a ready-made item. Choose what works best for you.

If you buy a paper online, you may write it from scratch or adjust it according to ASA citation rules. On top of that, you can order to revise your finished draft, proofread it and make corrections to eliminate any errors. Make sure your ASA paper format is done perfectly!

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